Kiruna, Sweden and Svalbard, Spitsbergen - 100 flying hours, 50 dropsondes




MAMM Operating Areas: North Sea gas fields, Sodankyla, Abisko, Pallas


Science Objectives:

  • MAMM will conduct a series of aircraft measurements from 50N to 80N in the Arctic region. Each mission will aim to conduct a series of deep vertical profiles in the region between southern Finland and Svalbard. The profiles will extend into the stratosphere at the northern end of the sectors. Up to 5 missions will be conducted, covering the period from early spring when Arctic haze remains prevalent, through to late summer when Arctic wetland thaw is at its maximum. Each mission, lasting 3 days, will include measurements of in situ methane and nitrous oxide concentrations using a combination of cavity ring down (CRDS), continuous wave quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometer (CW-QCLAS) instruments and whole air samples for post analysis by colleagues at RHUL and UEA.
  • In collaboration with the UK Met Office we will use high altitude flights to measure atmospheric methane columns using the ARIES radiometer. These can be directly compared with those derived by IASI/SCIAMACHY satellite column measurements and validated by the situ measured methane profiles.
  • Source studies of changing isotopic signature will be carried out to investigate advected sources from Scandinavia and Russia
  • Flask sampling will be carried out on airborne campaigns for isotopic analysis of CO2 and CH4
  • Process studies of CH4, CO2 and N2O using eddy covariance and chambers over contrasting sites will be made within the flight path of aircraft missions. (2x6 week campaigns to validate the aircraft measurements and to investigate the relative importance of the key processes responsible for the methane flux during the study period (i.e. water table, temperature, plant transport, ebullition, wind, soil properties)).




  • FAAM Detachment Manager - Mo Smith / Doug Anderson
  • DFL Project Pilot - Chris Keegan
  • DFL Project Operations - David Simpson
  • PI - John Pyle, University of Cambridge


MAMM Planning Documents

icon pdf MAMM Aug13 Logistics (2.14 MB) (2.14 MB)

icon Directflight Op Area - North limits

icon MAMM Kick-offMeeting Notes and Actions v1_2 ( 2011-10-18 11:14:01

pdf (646 KB) icon MAMM_CEH Edinburgh_WP1_18Octpm - Surface Measurements

icon MAMM Pre-det Brief v2 (2.15 MB)

pdf MAMM Sep 2013 Pre-det Brief v1 (1.84 MB) pdf (2.15 MB)


FAAM Application Form

icon MAMM

Directflight Questionnaire



Recce Report

N/A - will use info from MEVALI recce to Kiruna, late 2011


Aircraft Diagrams


image (785 KB)


Instrument List

last updated 05/02/12





(FAAM unless otherwise stated)



Basic Aircraft, Meteorological Instruments and General Equipment
(always fitted unless otherwise stated)
Temperature: non-deiced/deiced, Heimann IR   y  
Water: General Eastern, Buck CR2 Cryogenic Hygrometer, TWC Lyman-Alpha Hygrometer, Johnson Williams Liquid Water, Nevzorov Total/Liquid Water   y  
Broad-Band Radiometers: Clear and Red   y  
Position/Dynamics: GPS, GIN, Radar altimeter   y  
video: Forward, Rearward, Upward, Downward   y  
Communications: SATCOM-C, SATCOM-Swift 64   y  
Weather radar   y  
Turbulence probe   y  
SAW Cambridge n  
WVSS-II Met Office y  
AVAPS/Aerosol LIDAR Rack      
AVAPS Dropsondes   y 50 from Met Office
LIDAR Met Office n  
Photometers: JNO2, JO'D Leicester n  
ARIES Met Office y  
DEIMOS Met Office n  
MARSS Met Office n  
IIR Met Office n  
SWS Met Office n  
SHIM Met Office n  
ISMAR Met Office n  
TAFTS Imperial College n  
Core Chemistry/Nitrate Racks
Ozone   y  
FGGA   y instrument should be upgraded and operable up to FL300
CO   y  
Fast NOx   y check with Steph
PAN Leeds y  
Core Chemistry Rack, Civil Contingency      
2B Ozone
SO2   n  
BBCEAS Cambridge n  
FAGE Leeds n  
VACC Leeds n  
Peroxide/Formaldehyde UEA n  
CIMS/QC-LAS Manchester y CIMS & QC-LAS
LIF L'Aquila n  
WAS FGAM y requirement to take 2 full sets of cases, carrying one set in the hold
TEDLAR bags FAAM/RHUL y FAAM to provide bag sampling using old-ORAC Metal bellows pump (JIF rack) at MS2/MS3 position
LTI/Grimm OPC FAAM/Leeds n  
TDLAS Cambridge n  
York GCMS York n  
Cloud Physics and Aerosol      
Cloud Physics Rack      
2D Cloud   n  
PCASP   y  
CDP   n  
CIP100   n  
Hertfordshire n  
SID3 Hertfordshire n  
Fast FSSP Met Office n  
FSSP/SPP-100 Manchester n  
AIMMS-20   y  
Manchester Cloud/Aerosol Rack      
CAPS Manchester n  
2DS Manchester n  
SPEC-CPI Manchester n  
SP2 Manchester y  
UHSAS Manchester n  
FWVS Met Office n  
Nephelometer/PSAP/Filters Rack      
Wet Nephelometer Met Office n  
Nephelometer, PSAP, Filters   y  
IAGOS-BCP Manchester n  
INC Met Office n  
CVI Met Office n  
TOF-AMS Manchester n  
ALABAMA Max Plank Institute n  


Drag Index Values


Instrument Drag Index Value Fitted? Drag index for Fit
FFSSP 3 n  
HVPS 20 n  
2D-P 11 n  
PCASP 1 y 1
SID-1 15 n  
SID-2 18 n  
SID-3 18 n  
2D-C 5 n  
2D-C + modified tips 7 n  
Spec-CPI 14 n  
CIP-25 30 n  
CIP-25 + modified tips 43 n  
CIP-100 30 n  
CIP-100 + modified tips 43 n  
2D-S 31 n  
CAPS 57 n  
CAPS + modified tips 70 n  
CDP 9 n  
AIMMS-20 8 y 8
ADA-100 3 n  
PERCA Inlet 7 n  
MARSS scanner 29 n  
(HOx) FAGE Inlet 89 n  
SWS 36 n  
CAMP SAW Hygrometer 5 n  
CVI Probe 20 n  
CIMS Inlet (ROx) 39 n  
BBCEAS Inlet 5 n  
LIF Inlet 2 n  
CIMS window-blank Inlet 11 y 11
WVSS-II (Rosemount Inlet) 5 y 5
ISMAR 3 n  
FAGE (HOx & CIMS Inlet [ROx}) 140 n  
GC-MS Inlet 3 n  
QCL Inlet 6 y 6
Core Chem Inlet 18 y 18
TOTAL Drag Index     49

Maximum Drag Index Value = 245, unless both the HOx FAGE Inlet and the CIMS (ROx) inlet are removed, in which case the Maximum Drag Index Value =257.